Oskar was one of the two children of Ludwik Troplowitz and Agnes
Mankiewicz. He was born in 1863. He took over his father’s company
although it was not what he desired. By choice, he became a pharmacist
like his uncle Gustaw Mankiewicz. He studied pharmacy in Wroc³aw. In 1890
he bought the Carl Beiersdorf cosmetic factory.
Its products still bore the name of Beiersdorf although the
production technique was completely new. The new owner modernised the
management and mechanised the production processes.
invented toothpaste and the so-called leukoplaster - the first
self-adhesive plaster. However, the Nivea cream and soap were the biggest
inventions of Troplowitz. The name „Nivea” derives form the
Latin word meaning „snow-white”. The works to produce this
most famous creme lasted long and were ended successfully only after Oskar
bought from the doctor Izaak Lifschutz the patent for Eurecyt – a
specific emulsion which gave the cream its proper consistency.
Troplowitz was a good entrepreneur. He also cared for his employees.